Jakarta is the economical, cultural and political center of the country and the most populated city; 9,580,000 people in South East Asia. While the housing market was highly dependent on the private sector, the government was playing a very small role in providing housing for the poor. In contrast, kampungs played an important role in the city providing affordable housing for immigrants. In fact, kampungs accommodate 70% of inhabitants in Jakarta.
This research focuses on the architectural and urbanistic interventions based on a hypothesis of super specialization of Kampung. By specializing in certain programs, the kampung will be able to compete economically with the rest of the city and thus can sustain their existence and become prosperous while at the same time maximizing their intrinsic qualities.
Population of Jakarta is now estimated to reach triple by 2060, no doubt the need of food production also will be constantly increased. Therefore, I worked on Kampung Rawajati and proposed Vegetable specialization taking into account that the seeds of specialization are already existing. And the specialization and maximization of the potential project the possibility of the dense cohabitation with food production in the city and the development of urban village as a new interesting spatial, sociological, political, and economical propositions.
2012 | Foundations are set up for further development of basic living condition and herbal production.
2015 | By using applicable models; Unit made planting wall all over the kampung, the amount of production and infrastructure are greatly improved.
2020 | The kampung starts to engage with tourism by making good use of attractions related to farming and the greenery itself. As production and greenery grow, the kampung becomes more attractive destination for tourists and could give them experience in agriculture and relaxation spaces.
2030 | Going through the primary interventions for groundwater treatment and intensive use of carbon fiber purification, the kampung obtains enough quality and quantity of water from the Ciliwung river for recreation and mass production in 2030. As a consequence, Spa, massage shop and the other recreation facilities are required to expand economy in the kampung and create business cooperation with the farms.
2060 | Kampung Rawajati will produce 25% of future needs of salads and herbs in Jakarta in 2060. A vegetable trade center is built on the site on where traffic circulation concentrates. To conduct mass production, plants factory is overlaid on the kampung fabric, particularly commercial streets, and full-time harvesting are applied. Meanwhile, Kampung Rawajati inspires to cultivate urban farming in other kampungs, and programmatic diversity makes multi economical connections in Jakarta.
architectural design: © Ryoichi Aida
collaborators: Sanne van den Breemer, Najmus Chowdhry, Patricia Fernandes, Kyung Su Jung, Heejung Kil, Chi Li, Zhongqi Ren, Miyuki Yamamoto
tutor: Winy Maas, Ulf Hackauf, Daliana Suryawinata
drawing: © Ryoichi Aida